1830 - 1903
Camille Jacob Pissarro is born in St. Thomas (Danish West Indies) on July 10.
Accompanies the Danish painter, Fritz Melbye, to Caracas, where he paints his first watercolours.
Leaves St. Thomas permanently to settle in France, where he studies painting at the École des Beaux-Arts and the Académie Suisse. Meets Camille Corot.
Sets up a studio in Paris. Makes the acquaintance of Claude Monet, initiating a long lasting friendship.
A first canvas is accepted by the jury of the Salon, where Pissarro will also exhibit in 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869 and 1870.
Beginning of his relationship with Julie Vellay, who will become his wife and the mother of his seven children.
Meets Paul Cézanne.
Exhibits at the Salon des Refusés with Cézanne and others. Birth of his first son, Lucien, the child with whom he will be most closely involved in artistic matters.
Shows at the Salon and presents himself as a "student of Corot," from whom he very soon distances himself.
Settles with his family at the Hermitage, Pontoise.
The German army invades France. Pissarro seeks refuge in London, where he marries Julie. Meets Paul Durand-Ruel, who will become the main dealer for his work and that of the Impressionists.
Returns to Pontoise. Works with Paul Cézanne.
First of the eight Impressionist exhibitions that he will take part in.
Often works in Brittany.
Paints Rue de l'Hermitage, in Pontoise.
Paints The Old Road to Ennery at Pontoise. Meets Paul Gauguin, to whom he gives advice.
Experiences serious financial difficulties.
Invites Gauguin to participate in the fourth Impressionist exhibition.
Works at Pontoise with Cézanne and Gauguin.
Durand-Ruel organizes a one-man show for Pissarro. Departure for London of his son, Lucien, with whom he will carry on a rich correspondance lasting many years. Durand-Ruel organizes an Impressionist exhibition in London.
Settles in Éragny, where he will live for the rest of his life. The artist's studio was set up in the garden, where it exists to this very day.
Meets Signac and Seurat as well as Theo Van Gogh. Associates himself with the Pointillism of Seurat and adopts the divisionist technique.
Final Impressionist exhibition. Meets Vincent van Gogh.
Exhibition of the Group of 20 in Brussels with Seurat. A new period of severe financial problems ensues when Durand-Ruel refuses to buy his Pointillist canvases.
Durand-Ruel organizes a large exhibition of the works of Renoir, Sisley and Pissarro.
First signs of an eye infection that will remain with Pissarro for the rest of his life and force him to paint from a window instead of outdoors. He will adopt this method in painting his series of canvases on Rouen and Paris.
Pissarro abandons Divisionism.
Durand-Ruel buys numerous paintings from him.
Seven of his canvases enter the Musée du Luxembourg.
Paints The Stone Bridge in Rouen, Dull Weather. New financial problems.
Paints Hay Harvest at Éragny. Settles in Paris, where he paints the Pont Neuf, the quays and other scenes from his window.
Dies of a prostate abscess on November 13.
Text and research: Claude Lacroix, Aline Lesage
Maximilien Luce, Camille Pissarro, c. 1890 © Estate of Maximillien Luce / SODRAC
Born in Charlotte Amalie, St. Thomas, Virgin Islands, 10 July 1830
Died in Paris, France, 12 November 1903
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