Library & Research

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Understanding Provenance Data

Known Provenance data is given in chronological order. The provenance reports are fully annotated in accordance with the recommendations by the American Association of Museums [AAM].

Provenance completed:

No gaps in the history of ownership.

Research in progress:

Research is ongoing.

Research completed:

All available research avenues were pursued, but gaps remain. If new sources become available in the future, research will resume.


AAM's "Guidelines Concerning the Unlawful Appropriation of Objects during the Nazi Era" 

AAMD's guidelines “Report of the AAMD Task Force on the Spoliation of Art during the Nazi/World War II Era (1933-1945)"

AAM's Nazi-Era Provenance Internet Portal

UNESCO Convention of 1970/ Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property