Art and Geometry - The Poetry of Symmetry

The Regular Division of the Plane

As early as 1922, Escher was intrigued by repeating patterns which used interlocking human forms. However it was not until after he had seen Moorish mosaics for the second time in Spain in 1936 and had stopped making prints of Italian landscapes a year later that he began to seriously develop plane-filling motifs. In 1958, he wrote and illustrated a book titled The Regular Division of the Plane, published by the De Roos Foundation in Utrecht.

In order to fill the plane with recognizable and interlocking geometric shapes, Escher's figures undergo changes of shape that are detailed in his book. His text is illustrated with diagrams and punctuated with practical tips and philosophical reflections.