Art and Geometry - Moorish and Crystallographers' Influences

The Moorish Influence

On his first visit in 1922, Escher was greatly impressed by the Moorish mosaics decorating the Alhambra in Granada and the Mosque at Cordoba, both vestiges of medieval Islamic Spain. On a second trip, in 1936, accompanied by his wife Jetta, he spent several days copying the decorations and became intrigued by the possibility of replacing the purely geometric forms with recognizable elements.