Teachers Lesson Plans

Lord Dalhousie and the Arts

Aerial perspective
Aerial perspective
Definition:

Aerial or atmospheric perspective implies the successive use of less intense colours for each zone. This creates a feeling of spatial distance, and corresponds to the effect of the atmosphere on our perception of faraway objects.

John Elliott Woolford
City of Detroit, Michigan 1821
watercolour over graphite with gum arabic on wove paper, mounted on several layers of laid paper, 14.7 x 24 cm
Purchased 2006 with the support of Harvey and Louise Glatt and the Members and Supporting Friends of the National Gallery of Canada and its Foundation


Aquatint
Aquatint
Definition:

The discovery of aquatint, around 1768-69, and its quick rise in popularity in England resulted in a wide dissemination of drawings. The technique made it possible for artists to obtain subtle hues, ranging from deep blacks and browns to light greys and blackish browns. Its greatest advantage allowed artists to retain the pictorial quality of drawings when reproducing them as engravings. As a result aquatint was the favoured form of illustration for travel albums. Publishers sought artists or art enthusiasts in 19th century who could keep them supplied with suitable models.

James Pattison Cockburn (1779?1847)
The Cone of Montmorency, as It Appeared in 1829, 1833, etching and aquatint handcoloured with watercolour and gum arabic on ivory wove paper,
55.4 × 73.4 cm, plate: 51.8 × 70.7 cm
Purchased 2006 with the support of Harvey and Louise Glatt and the Members and Supporting Friends of the National Gallery of Canada and Its Foundation


Background
Background
Definition: The part of an image that appears to be far away.

Foreground
Foreground
Definition: The part of an image that seems to be closest to the viewer.

Godron
Godron
Definition:

A series of curved, inverted flutings, or of convex and concave flutings, used especially as a decorative edging on articles of silver, earthenware, wood, etc.

Laurent Amiot
Cup Presented to George Taylor 1827
silver
30.7 x 16.8 x 16.7 cm
Purchased 2000 with the assistance of a grant from the Government of Canada under the terms of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act


Hammering
Hammering
Definition:

A technique used by silversmiths who specialize in forging and forming. They produce pieces that are typically made from a single piece of metal that has been hammered with a slight tap of the hammer.

Laurent Amiot
Cup Presented to George Taylor 1827
silver
30.7 x 16.8 x 16.7 cm
Purchased 2000 with the assistance of a grant from the Government of Canada under the terms of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act


Middle ground
Middle ground
Definition:

The part of the image that is in the middle of the picture.

Charles Ramus Forrest
Chat Falls, Lake Chaudière on the Ottawa 1822
watercolour over graphite on wove paper
33.5 x 66.3 cm
Purchased 1970


Military drawings
Military drawings
Definition:

Drawing for military purposes was based on strict, ongoing training handed down by a generation of teachers. Location of roads, strategic position of a city, and ramparts were identified in the composition and unified by the landscape.

Plan of a bridge to be built across the Ottawa River at the Chaudiere Falls.
John By, 20th November 1827.
Source: Library and Archives Canada/NMC 134137


Neoclassical
Neoclassical
Definition:

Term applied to particularly pure form of classicism that emerged from about 1750 following discovery of Roman ruins of Pompeii and publication 1764 of highly influential history of ancient art by German scholar Winckelmann. An important term used in the evolution of silver work indicating strong balance proportion.

Laurent Amiot
Cup Presented to George Taylor 1827
silver
30.7 x 16.8 x 16.7 cm
Purchased 2000 with the assistance of a grant from the Government of Canada under the terms of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act


Panorama
Panorama
Definition:

The long horizonral format is usually used in a panoramic landscape, which presents an unbroken view of an entire surrounding area.

Robert C. Todd
The Timber and Shipbuilding Yards of Allan Gilmour and Company at Wolfe's Cove, Quebec, Viewed from the South 1840
oil on canvas
74.5 x 120.5 cm
Purchased 1987


Plinth
Plinth
Definition:

A block or slab or square base on which a pedestal, column, or statue is placed.

Laurent Amiot
Cup Presented to George Taylor 1827
silver
30.7 x 16.8 x 16.7 cm
Purchased 2000 with the assistance of a grant from the Government of Canada under the terms of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act


Presentation silver
Presentation silver
Definition:

Presentation silver was used to express gratitude for services rendered or to commemorate an event. Its history, which is largely confined to the nineteenth century, relates to that of silver trophies, whose production reached its height in roughly the same period.

Laurent Amiot
Cup Presented to George Taylor 1827
silver
30.7 x 16.8 x 16.7 cm
Purchased 2000 with the assistance of a grant from the Government of Canada under the terms of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act


Silversmith
Silversmith
Definition:

A silversmith works primarily with silver, but may also work with other metals such as gold, copper etc. Silver is a very malleable metal and manipulated by the silversmith at room temperature by gentley hammering the metal.

Laurent Amiot
Cup Presented to George Taylor, 1827
silver
30.7 x 16.8 x 16.7 cm
Purchased 2000 with the assistance of a grant from the Government of Canada under the terms of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act


Topographical artists
Topographical artists
Definition:

British landscape artists who spent time in Quebec from the late 18th to mid-19th centuries have been classified under this general qualifier. The term is loosely applied.

John Elliott Woolford
City of Detroit, Michigan 1821
watercolour over graphite with gum arabic on wove paper, mounted on several layers of laid paper, 14.7 x 24 cm
Purchased 2006 with the support of Harvey and Louise Glatt and the Members and Supporting Friends of the National Gallery of Canada and its Foundation


Topographical landscape
Topographical landscape
Definition:

A topographical landscape as distinguished from ideal (where the imagination prevailed), is the representation of actual scenery and of specific places-usually named. The artist intends the spectator to recognize the place he depicts.

John Elliott Woolford
City of Detroit, Michigan 1821
watercolour over graphite with gum arabic on wove paper, mounted on several layers of laid paper, 14.7 x 24 cm
Purchased 2006 with the support of Harvey and Louise Glatt and the Members and Supporting Friends of the National Gallery of Canada and its Foundation


Urn
Urn
Definition:

A vase of varying size and shape, usually having a footed base or pedestal.

Laurent Amiot
Cup Presented to George Taylor 1827
silver, 30.7 x 16.8 x 16.7 cm
Purchased 2000 with the assistance of a grant from the Government of Canada under the terms of the Cultural Property Export and Import Act