Teachers Lesson Plans

People of African Descent

African American (Canadian)
African American (Canadian)
Definition: refers to Black people who have lived in USA (Canada) since the beginnings of transatlantic settlement. Although historically very few have arrived directly from their ancestral homeland in the continent of Africa, the term "African American", "African Canadian" became increasingly popular in the 1990s to identify all descendants of Africa regardless of their place of birth. The earliest arrivals were slaves brought from New England or the West Indies. Between 1763 and 1865 most blacks migrating to Canada were fleeing slavery in the US. The US remained the main source of new black immigrants until the 1960s, when large numbers of West Indians began arriving. Today African Canadians constitute about 2% of the Canadian population.

Photo:© Dave Heath

Aristocracy
Aristocracy
Definition: Government by the best or most outstanding citizens. Grand and stylish with distinguished bearing and manners.

© Estate of August Sander / Bild-Kunst (Bonn) / SODRAC (Montreal)

Eden
Eden
Definition: The place where Adam and Eve lived at their creation. Also refers to a state of supreme happiness.

Multiculturalism
Multiculturalism
Definition: A movement to broaden the range of cultures we study, in reaction to the prevailing opinion that the great accomplishments have been made almost exclusively by males of European descent.

© Miriam Grossman Cohen

Portrait
Portrait
Definition: is a work of art that represents a specific person, a group of people. Portraits show us what a person looks like as well as revealing something about the subject’s personality. A portrait can be 3 dimensional (sculpture) or two-dimensional (painting).

Royal Academy or Royal Academy of Arts (RA)
Royal Academy or Royal Academy of Arts (RA)
Definition: - In 1769, under the patronage of Britain’s King George III, the Royal Academy met for its first session. The official title of this elite institution is “Royal Academy in London for the Purpose of Cultivating and Improving the Arts of Painting, Sculpture, and Architecture”, or simply called “The R.A.” The painters among the R.A.’s founding members were its first president, Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), the portrait painter Thomas Gainsborough (1727-1788), the landscape artist Richard Wilson (1713/14-1782), and an American Benjamin West (1738-1820), who became president upon the death of Joshua Reynolds. Members of the Royal Academy of Arts (RA) are known as “Associate of the Royal Academy” (ARA).

Slave
Slave
Definition: A person who is the legal property of another or others and is bound to absolute obedience.

Underground railroad
Underground railroad
Definition: The Underground Railroad was a secret network of people who helped escaped slaves from the southern United States make their way north to Canada. The "railroad" was at its most active between 1840 and 1860.

Harriet Tubman (left) with some of her charges
Source: Bettmann Archives Inc. Reproduced from the National Library of Canada's website (www.nlc-bnc.ca)