This timeline is adapted from: Native North American Art by Ruth B Phillips, and Janet C. Berlo
- Recognizable aspects of Northwest Coast style begin to appear.
- Adena culture develops in Eastern Woodlands.
- Heightened ceremonial activity associated with medicine wheels on the northern and central Plains.
- Mi?kmaq trade with Jacques Cartier, Gulf of St. Lawrence.
Micmac Indians, 1855
- Huron welcome Champlain, leader of New France, as a guest in their villages; Huron-French trading partnership formed.
- British victory over French at Quebec.
© R. Houle
- Hudson Bay Company establishes trade posts across Northern Plains.
- Captain James Cook sails along Northwest Coast; contact with Nuu-chah-nulth and Haida.
- Joseph Brant leads group of Iroquois to Grand River Territory.
Thayendanegea (Joseph Brant), 1812
- Smallpox epidemic at Haida Gwaii.
- Potlatch and traditional rituals are outlawed by the Indian Act.
- National Gallery of Canada presents Exhibition of Canadian West Coast Art: Native and Modern.
- A Century of Canadian Art ((No.288), an exhibition organized by the National Gallery of Canada for the Tate Gallery, London, includes four model totem poles and two Chilkat blankets.
- Indian Act is amended; compulsory enfranchisement and potlatch ban are dropped.
- National Indian Council formed (National Indian Brotherhood, later to be called Assembly of First Nations).
- Indians of Canada pavilion at Expo ’67, Montreal.
- The exhibition Three Hundred Years of Canadian Art, held at the National Gallery of Canada, includes work by Aboriginal artist Norval Morrisseau.
- Chefs-d'oeuvre des arts indiens et esquimaux du Canada / Masterpieces of Indian and Eskimo Art from Canada (Musée de l’Homme and National Gallery of Canada exhibition 1968-70); the first international exhibition of Aboriginal art from Canada.
- Sarain Stump founds the Ind(ian) Art Project, Saskatchewan Indian Cultural College.
- Robert Houle (with Domingo Cisneros) helps to establish Manitou College, La Macaza, Quebec.
- Saskatchewan Indian Federated College opens as first Native controlled college in Canada.
- Robert Houle hired as Curator of Contemporary Indian Art at the Museum of Man (now Canadian Museum of Civilization).
- Society of Canadian Artists of Native Ancestry (SCANA) is established with a mandate to open the public, provincial, municipal and federal galleries to the concerns regarding the exclusion of Aboriginal art.
- The Spirit Sings exhibition, Glenbow Museum is held during the winter Olympics in Calgary.
- Elijah Harper, Meech Lake Accord; Oka, Quebec.
- Quincentenary of Columbus's landing in North America.
- Land, Spirit, Power exhibition at the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.
- Indigena exhibition at the Canadian Museum of Civilization, Hull, Quebec.
Photo: Patricia Deadman
Ayum-ee-aawach Oomama-mowan: Speaking to Their Mother, Rebecca Belmore 27 July 1991.
- Installation of Aboriginal art in the Canadian galleries of the National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa.