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Lithography

Lithography involves the printing of an image from a flat surface. The technique, which was invented in the late eighteenth century, relies on the principle that oil and water repel each other.

Traditionally employing a limestone slab that has been roughened or smoothed according to the effects desired, the lithographer draws directly on the surface with a greasy crayon or with a brush and a liquid ink called tusche. Drawings for lithographs can also be made on specially treated zinc or aluminum plates (hence zincography and algraphy).

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Lithography
Etching    
Woodcut
Serigraphy
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