Canadian Painting in the Thirties

Biography: Pegi Nicol MacLeod

Pegi Nicol MacLeod
Canadian
Born in Listowel, Ontario, 17 January 1904
Died in New York, New York, 12 February 1949

Reference number P120-23-1

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"I try to turn my weird street into something rich and strange."
(Pegi Nicol MacLeod, 1945)

Pegi Nicol MacLeod's watercolours and oil paintings are fireworks of curving lines and dynamic colour. The artist took her subject matter from the world around her - children, gardens, and crowded city street scenes - to convey the energy and bustle of daily life.

Born Margaret Nichol, MacLeod studied at the Ottawa School of Art with Franklin Brownell and at Montreal's ╔cole des Beaux-Arts, where she met her lifelong friend, the painter Marian Scott. In 1927 and 1928, encouraged by the anthropologist Marius Barbeau, she travelled to Western Canada to paint the landscape and people of the First Nations. In Toronto from 1934, she worked on window displays for the T. Eaton Co. under the designer RenÚ Cera. The following year she began to contribute illustrations and write for the Canadian Forum, becoming its arts editor for a brief period. After her marriage to Norman MacLeod, a native of Fredericton, she moved to New York City in 1937, where she painted the city's street life and numerous studies of her young daughter, Jane. Between 1940 and 1948 she visited Fredericton, where she taught summer art courses at the University of New Brunswick. During the Second World War, MacLeod was commissioned to paint the women's division of the Canadian armed forces.

MacLeod belonged to the Canadian Society of Painters in Water Colour and the Canadian Group of Painters. The influence of the Group of Seven is evident in her earliest landscapes. By 1933 she was beginning to paint in a more expressive style, and soon experimented with repetitive views, which she called "kaleidoscope vision." Pegi Nicol MacLeod's works include A Descent of Lilies (1935), Cold Window (1937), Flower Market I and Flower Market II, and illustrations for an unpublished book by Lillian Zanet, Webster the Pig (c.1942).

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